Exhibition on America’s Humanitarian Aid to Soviet Russia during the Famine of 1921-1923 rus

This project is intended to arrange an exhibition on American relief efforts in Soviet Russia during the Famine of 1921-23. At the time, the American rescue operation fed nearly eleven million Soviet people a day and saved the country. Today, it is all but forgotten (in America) or falsified/omitted (in Russia). Partly in consequence, many stereotypes and prejudices still color Russia’s view of the US’ aid. The exhibition is based on original images (photographs, maps, posters) that were found in American archives and libraries by the author during his Fulbright experience. They will be shown both in Moscow and other regions of Russia.
The present virtual exhibition is prepared by employees of the Don state public library.

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Smiling children. Now they started to smile. A Russian writer Korney Chukovskiy wrote at his diary that the American relief taught children to smile and enjoy the life. Such was the perception of Boslsheviki in America on the eve and during of its relief. It was a bit uneasy for Hoover to convince the Congress and Americans that relief is to for the hungry, not for the Bolsheviki. Letter1f – a thankful letter to America and Hoover from the Polish children.
This old lady was met by the ARA’s men somewhere in Russia. She said (in perfect America English!) that her sons took part in the Civil War in America between the North and South in the 1860s. Apart from its direct relief to the hungry, the ARA made efforts to find American citizens and their relatives, who had wanted to leave the country and go to the US. About 500 were found and sent to America. It was uneasy job to find a needle in a haystack of Russia with its complete chaos and destroyed infrastructure. A Soviet propaganda poster, which was directed to legitimize the confiscation of Church’s valuables supposedly for the staving off the famine. An application form for the Russian citizen who wanted to work with the ARA. These forms were prepared not by the ARA but so called plenipotentiaries of the Soviet Government who had been sent in droves to keep a watchful eye after the foreign relief organization. In order to get a job, an applicant had to get a confirmation visa from a Plenipotentiary.
A rare article on the ARA in a provincial newspaper. From The Sararov’s News Great Russian painter Nicholas Feshin (1881-1955) of Kazan, was rescued by the ARA – he and his family emigrated to the United States in 1923. In America he continued his activity and made a lot of great paintings. A Soviet Army man and an American marine. Novorossiisk, 1922. American destroyers rendered assistance to the ARA. Scores of them arrived at the Russian ports – Odessa, Novorossiisk, Pheodosia, Nikolaev. It was a unique case in Soviet history when American ships openly visited the Russian ports.
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